Effect of Silver Nitrate Solvent on Total Protein, Total Phenolic and Some Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Cell Suspension Culture of Capsicum annuum L.

Sinan Aydın, Cemil İşlek, Bengü Türkyılmaz Ünal

Abstract


Heavy metal pollution is a significant environmental problem with negative potential impacts on agriculture and human health. In this study, calluses were obtained by using in vitro germinated hypocotyl explants of pepper seedlings and cell suspensions were prepared from these calluses. The effect of silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution added in different concentrations and times to cell suspension cultures of pepper on total protein and total phenolic compound amounts, superoxide dismutase and peroxidase enzyme activities were analysed. Total protein and total phenolic amounts, superoxide dismutase and peroxidase enzyme activities were detected by spectrophotometric methods. When the effects of silver metal on pepper plant were examined, it was determined that silver metal reduced the total protein and phenolic content in the pepper plant cells and especially at higher concentration, in the first 24 hour period, antioxidant enzyme activities increased.

Keywords


AgNO3; Heavy metal; Pepper; Peroxidase; Superoxide dismutase

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v5i12.1544-1549.1497

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This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN: 2148-127X

Turkish JAF Sci.Tech.

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF) is indexed in: