Study on Prevalence of Mycoflora in Wheat Seeds

Pratishtha Adhikari, Gopal Bahadur Khatri-Chhetri, Sundar Man Shrestha, Santosh Marahatta

Abstract


Forty seed sample of wheat (Triticum aestivum) were collected from four locations viz. Chitwan, Kaski, Banke and Lalitpur and tested by blotter method at laboratory during 2013 for determining fungal pathogens associated with wheat seeds in Nepal. Eighteen species representing thirteen genera of fungi were recovered from the seed. Alternaria alternata and Bipolaris sorokiniana were predominant in all the varieties/genotypes from all the locations, where B. sorokiniana was strongly pathogenic in wheat crop. Percentage frequency and type of fungi detected varied with variety and locations. Bipolaris sorokiniana was highest (64.40%) in Banke than remaining three locations. Seeds of Chitwan had lowest percentage (5.50%) of seed infection as compared to other locations. Relative abundance of Alternaria alternata (55.10%) was highest as it was the most prevalent component of seed borne mycoflora, followed by Bipolaris sorokiniana (34.69%) and Cladosporium herbarum (7.19%). Differences in quantity of precipitation and relative humidity might be the possible reason for variation in frequency and type of fungi detected in wheat seeds of four locations.

Keywords


Wheat; Variety; Genotypes; Blotter test; Pathogen

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v4i1.31-35.509

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN: 2148-127X

Turkish JAF Sci.Tech.

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF) is indexed by the following national and international scientific indexing services:



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





Our Journals

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology

International Journal of Poultry - Ornamental Birds Science and Technology

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Social Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Technical Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Health and Medical Sciences

Our congresses

International Anatolian Agriculture, Food, Environment and Biology Congress (TARGID)

International Congress of the Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF)

Our Youtube Channel

TURAS TV

Our Books

Our Scientific Books

About Us

The Turkish Science and Technology Publishing (TURSTEP) is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2013 and based in Turkey, the TURSTEP as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Turkey and around the world, to connect with one another. The TURSTEP disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

       

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

teditor@agrifoodscience.com

Business Adress

Eğriköprü mh. Pilot Kaya İstektepe Cad. 9/1 BLOK Daire 7, 58050 Merkaz/Sivas, Turkey